Reprogrammable multimodal soft actuator (paper)
The booming of soft robots has recently motivated myriad designs of soft actuators. New forms of soft actuators have indeed enabled the construction of novel soft robots with various functionalities. Though soft actuators with different actuation modes have been developed in previous researches, their actuation capabilities are often fixed once their fabrication is completed. Herein, a novel soft actuator has been designed and fabricated which is reprogrammable and can be easily electrically controlled. The soft actuator is constructed through combing a recently developed thermally responsive material: disulfide liquid crystal elastomer, and the advancements in fabricating stretchable and flexible electronics. Thanks to the dynamic covalent chemistry and phase transformation in the disulfide liquid crystal elastomer, actuation modes of the soft actuator such as contraction, bending and shearing can be programmed, erased and reprogrammed in a facile way. With the embedded conductive wires of serpentine shape, the actuation of the actuator can be controlled by electricity, so it can be easily integrated with low cost and commonly used electrical control system. With the reprogrammability and easy control, the newly developed general-purpose soft actuator may find its wide applications in making diverse systems and devices.
Soft tubular actuators can be widely found both in nature and in engineering applications. The benefits of tubular actuators include (1) multiple actuation modes such as contraction, bending, and expansion; (2) facile fabrication from a planar sheet; and (3) a large interior space for accommodating additional components or for transporting fluids. Most recently developed soft tubular actuators are driven by pneumatics, hydraulics, or tendons. Each of these actuation modes has limitations including complex fabrication, integration, and non-uniform strain. We design and construct soft tubular actuators using an emerging artificial muscle material that can be easily patterned with programmable strain: liquid crystal elastomer. Controlled by an externally applied electrical potential, the tubular actuator can exhibit multidirectional bending as well as large (~40%) homogenous contraction. Using multiple tubular actuators, we build a multifunctional soft gripper and an untethered soft robot.
Soft robots or soft machines have been recently explored intensively to work collaboratively with human beings. Most of the previously developed soft robots are either controlled manually or by different prewritten programs. We developed a novel human-machine interface is to use electrooculographic signals generated by eye movements to control the motion and the change of focal length of a biomimetic soft lens. The motion and deformation of the soft lens are achieved by the actuation of different dielectric elastomer films, mimicking the working mechanisms of the eyes of human and most mammals. The system developed in the current study has the potential to be used in visual prostheses, adjustable glasses, and remotely operated robotics in the future.
Inspired by the movement of caterpillar and fly larva, we demonstrated a bioinspired design of a light-powered untethered soft robot which can crawl on the ground, squeeze itself to pass small channels, and jump over obstacles or onto a step above the ground. For the multimodal locomotion of the soft robot, the associated deformation is elastic, enabling the structural reversibility. Furthermore, we develop a mathematical model to quantitatively understand the multimodal locomotion of the light-powered soft robot.
We design and fabricate transparent and highly stretchable hydrogel diode and logic gates, which may potential applications in the field of human machine interface.
We collaborate with Prof. Ming Guo (MIT) working on complex mechanics of cytoplasm. We aim to uncover the mechanism associated with large deformation, damping, damage, toughening and self-healing of cells.